Review: The Photography of Maura Z—An Ode to Gray

Over the past 20 years, with advances made in digital and phone cameras, many of us feel the best way to capture a scene is by taking a color photo. Most of us are led to believe that color photography not only provides better detail, but also helps capture the mood of a particular scene. But in the latest exhibition, Creation and Re-Creation in Shades of Gray at Everybody’s Coffee, Maura Z shows us how details as well as moods can better come to life in photography using various shades of gray.

This is Maura Z’s first solo exhibition and on display are 44 digital prints. All the images were captured with her digital camera and then later re-created through Photoshop where she stripped the photos to their barest poetic essence while also creating negative and positive space within her images.

Maura Z, Life Cycle. Digital print. Photo courtesy of the artist.

Although there is a muted quality to her work, the viewer is easily drawn to her images due to her mastery in composition—she effectively balances the amount of detail and space as well as highlights and shadows. The details in her photos are in many ways more vivid due to the absence of color—perhaps because our brain isn’t processing or being distracted by colors, we are forced to see the stark details within each image. Maura’s use of grey tones creates an ambience that evokes various moods that bring to mind the quote by the French author, André Gide, who once said, “The color of truth is gray.”

A number of her works act as visual haikus that create meditative moments. A good example of this is Daily Reflection (Portofino, Italy), that shows a body of water shimmering against the reflection of the sun. The dark tones of the water add a sense of depth and mystery to this scene. Another work that fits this mode is Life Cycle where we see a dying water lily. In this shot we are reminded of the natural decay that exists within nature while also making us aware that we are all taking part in the cycle of life and death.

Maura Z, Grassburst. Digital print. Photo courtesy of the artist.

There is also a whimsical aspect to her works, such as in Faeries’ Wings and Bubblies. When viewing these works, we cannot help but experience a sense of joy and a lightness of being. These works draw us into a state of mindfulness, inviting us to be in the present moment. These works not only allow us to appreciate the magic that exists within nature, but even more, to appreciate the subtle details that nature offers.

Maura’s works also express the majesty of various landscapes, such as in The Tree of Life, that shows a robust tree spreading its branches outward and upward toward the sky. And some of her images capture the raw energy of nature such as in Before the Deluge where we see foreboding clouds that gather before a storm or in Freshwater Collisions where we can feel the powerful movement of water.

Maura Z, Bubblies. Digital print. Photo courtesy of the artist.

Equally intriguing are a couple of her works that at first glance seem to be abstract without an immediate association with the physical world. She achieves this through her use of perspective, movement and light—transforming something ordinary into an unexpected and unrecognizable image.

“I want my work to remind people that they should stop and look around them and take the time to appreciate the beauty on this planet,” said Maura.  She also added, “Hopefully, someone’s perspective might change on how they see the world when looking at my work.”

What makes Maura Z’s work stand out is her unique combination of mechanical execution when taking a photo and her creative eye when re-creating photos through Photoshop. She also exhibits traits that other great photographers share such as having a sharp eye for detail, capturing a fleeting moment in time, and creating a mood that resonates within the viewer.

Creation and Re-Creation in Shades of Gray will be on display through January 5, 2023. Everybody’s Coffee is located at 935 W. Wilson. Hours: Monday thru Friday, 7am–2pm; and Saturday and Sunday, 8am–3pm. For more info, visit their website or call 773-303-6220.

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Expanded Hunting Orion the Hunter! 2-Image Mosaic – David Lane Astrophotography

 Scouring Orion from Barnards Loop to the Orion Nebula. 2-Image Mosaic

Click Image below for a much larger version

Barnard to Orion nebula


Whats better than Orion in the Winter sky? Nothing that’s what!

In Kansas, we had a rare clear night with the temperature above 5 degrees F, wind below 40 mph and just a tiny sliver of moon. It was a perfect night to go out and hunt Orion the Hunter!
I captured two different images and put them together to form a mosaic. In the first shot, I managed to bag the Horsehead Nebula (right), M78 or Messier 78 (center left blue), and a piece of the large area around Orion called Barnard’s Loop. Later as Orion drifted toward the horizon I managed to reposition the lens to get the Horsehead and Orion Nebulas in the same frame. I added the two together and BOOM a nice two image mosaic with several distinct areas included. 
You have M78 center left (blue looking object) Barnards loop (red far left), Horsehead nebula (centered) and the Orion and Running Man Nebulas (right)
There are so many fantastic areas of Hydrogen Alpha Emissions (called Ha) and super bright Nebulas in this region. These are that areas you see as pink in the image. The HA emission is 656 nanometers which is a bit above the color red on the light spectrum. Here a bit from Wikipedia on H-Alpha emissions.
H-alpha () is a specific deep-red visible spectral line in the Balmer series with a wavelength of 656.28 nm; it occurs when a hydrogen electron falls from its third to second lowest energy level. H-alpha light is important to astronomers as it is emitted by many emission nebulae and can be used to observe features in the Sun‘s atmosphere, including solar prominences and the chromosphere.
H-Alpha emissions are typically emitted by dense nebulas which are the star-forming regions of galaxies. Trillions of tons of dust and remnants of supernova explosions gather together like a snowball rolling downhill slowly gathering more and more material until gravity compresses the material to the point it heats to ignition. Then in a massive explosion that jets out leftover material and creates a Herbig-Haro object that is a protostar. 
All the pink areas and dark dust areas are stars in evolution, from a clump of dust to the largest star. All represented in a single picture.
Enjoy! Plus check out the cool way to focus at night I created too!
EXIF: 300mm f4.0 212 x 70secs, ISO 4000

A Farm at Eagles Ridge Wedding | Charley & Julia

THIS DAY is one I (and every other vendor involved!!) had been looking forward to for what feels like *forever* and so of course, when June 14th finally arrived, I was SO EXCITED and so thankful to see the most beautiful June day, full of sunshine, as the weather report.

Charley & Julia are the kind of couple you just love to pieces! The kind that make you so thankful to do what you do. The kind that is just sunshine in every interaction. And the kind that make your job REALLY easy because… umm… just look at them. <3

Thank you Charley & Julia for having me as your wedding photographer and for trusting me so much!! I loved celebrating along with your incredible families and feel like the luckiest to have been the one to capture your day. Enjoy a few of my favorites from your beautiful Farm at Eagles Ridge wedding! Xo

Vendor Credits:
Photographer | Caroline Logan Photography
Second Shooter | Vanessa Shenk
Planner | Planned Perfection
Venue | The Farm at Eagles Ridge
Floral Design | Petals with Style
DJ | 3 West Productions
Catering | The JDK Group
Cake | The JDK Group
Rentals | Treasured Events
Lighting & Draping | Shumaker PDT
Hair Stylist | Victoria Jo Lee Salon
Makeup Artist | MKUP The Beauty Studio
Invitations | Persnickety Invitation Studio
Wedding Gown | Posh Bridal
Shoes | Jimmy Choo
Bridesmaids Dresses | The Dessy Group
Groom & Groomsmen Attire | Coleson Fine Clothiers

For Photographers: Love creamy skintones & soft colors? Learn to edit light & airy here!

Story Behind The Image “Riding the Wind” – Barger Nature Photography

Snowy Owl hovering overhead in strong gusty winds. Its wings are in the full downward position.

This image of a snowy owl was taken a couple of years ago in northern Ontario, Canada. During the summer breeding season, the snowy owls live in the Arctic regions of North America and Eurasia. In winter some snowy owls migrate south, often into the United States. Snowy owls have been spotted here in southwestern Ohio.

Snowy owls can weigh as much as 6 pounds with a wing span of 4 feet. The adult males are pure white and the females are white with some dark feathers. To keep warm, they have a layer of down underneath many layers of feathers. They are extremely good judges of distance, have excellent hearing, and long black claws which aid their ability to hunt. Since their summer breeding grounds are above the Arctic Circle where there is 24 hours of daylight during this time of the year, snowy owls are not completely nocturnal. During winter they hunt during both the day and night depending on weather conditions and availability of their food source. They nest in the Arctic tundra and are attracted to open areas, which make it easier to photograph them.

The snowy owl’s migration habits during the winter months are dependent upon their food supply which consists mainly of lemmings and field mice. If their source of food is plentiful, there will be a sudden boom in the population of snowy owls that migrate south. This sudden boom is referred to as an irruption.

Even though the year the image in this post was taken would not be considered an irruption year, there was still a healthy population of females. It was easy to spot a snowy owl in a field perched on a fence post or on the ground, and then wait for the owl to take off. Scouting the area ahead of time was necessary to find the locations where the owls were frequently spotted. Since these locations were on private land and a quarter to half mile from the road, it would be necessary to hike a short distance to reach a good photographic distance without disturbing the owl. This would require gaining permission to access the private land from the owner. Scouting to find these locations and gaining access permission was done a day or two in advance.

The image seen in this post was taken on a day when weather conditions were extreme with freezing rain and gusting winds. The back of my down jacket, which was facing the wind, was covered in ice as were my camera and lens. The gusting wind made it impossible to place a rain cover over my equipment and continue to photograph. Most of the images were take hand-holding the camera and lens since it is easier to track a snowy owl in flight hand-holding the equipment rather than mounting on a tripod. Just as with airplanes, ice buildup on the wings of the owls spoils the flow of air over their wings making it difficult to fly. Only during brief periods when the freezing rain stopped would they try and it was obvious that it was challenging for them. They would stay in the air for only a few minutes not venturing far from their perch.

As is often the case, bad weather can produce great photographic opportunities. Due to the freezing rain and gusting wind, the owl’s ground speed was greatly reduced. This made it easier to concentrate on the position of their wings to produce some nice flight shots. The owl in this photograph was flying overhead close enough to me to obtain a frame filling image hand-holding my telephoto lens. I like the simplicity of this high-key image made possible by the bad weather co so I titled the image “Riding the Wind”.

Working with previews in PixInsight

When working in PixInsight you probably make use of Previews a lot. And I really mean a lot! Most processes can take quite a bit of trial and error to get the right settings and fine tune them for the optimal result. We run these processes on previews so that it is much faster to see the effects compared to running it on the complete picture. Furthermore, we can use multiple copies of the same preview and apply the process with different settings so we can really compare the results of our fine tuning in great detail.
In this post I want to give you some quick tips for working with previews in PixInsight so that you may use them more efficient and convenient.

Name your previews
I must admit I don’t always do this myself, but I ran into problems because of it more than once. Nothing more annoying than to select the wrong preview for a process. Happens to me quite frequently in ColorCalibration for instance. It helps to consistently adjust the identifiers of your images and previews. Just double click the preview tab in the image side bar or right click and choose ‘Identifier’ and give the preview a descriptive name.

Cloning previews
In order to compare different operations on the same preview we need to create copies of the same preview. There are a two ways of doing this;
– right click the preview and choose ‘clone preview’
– drag the preview tab within the same sidebar

Please note that if you copied a preview which had some process applied to it, the new preview won’t have this process applied. So this way you can compare the ‘before’ and ‘after’ by simply comparing these two previews. Apply another process with different settings to compare the effect of the changed settings.

Copying zoom level
Note that the zoom will not be cloned and will be reset in the new preview.
In order to copy the zoom level, simply drag the preview tab from the preview with the zoom level you want to copy on top of the other preview tab.

Reset preview
If I ran a process on a preview which didn’t give good results I used to copy the preview to get a new one without a process applied and deleted the old one. This is quite inconvenient and actually there is a much simpler way to deal with this; you can simply reset the preview; hit Ctrl + R (or Cmd + R on mac) or right click on the preview tab and choose ‘reset’.

Cycle through previews quickly
In order to compare 2 or more previews you probably click the preview tabs and try to spot and judge the differences. When you do this by clicking the preview tab you (subconsciously) are looking away from the preview image itself for a short while to make sure you click the in the right spot on the preview tab. To prevent this and make it more easy to ‘blink’ the previews, simply use the keyboard short cut: Ctrl -> and Ctrl and Cmd Create new image from preview
Simply drag the preview tab outside the sidebar of the image you are working on. A new image will be created with just the preview. A very easy way to make different crops of the same image for instance!

Duplicate preview on another image
Sometimes you want to compare the same preview on different images. I use this to compare stacking results sometimes or maybe you want to compare the results of different settings on a preview by looking at them side by side at the same time instead of ‘blinking’ through the previews. It can be really annoying to get exactly the same preview on the other image. But again, there is a really easy way to do this; simply drag the preview tab from the sidebar of one image to the sidebar of the other image.

Duplicate multiple previews on another image
You might want to copy all previews on one image to one or more other images. For instance if you want to compare the previews of luminance with R, G and B versions of the image. You can drag an drop the previews like explained before, but this is tedious.Luckily there is a script that can do this for you in 1 go; PropagatePreviews. You can find it under Script -> Utilities -> PropagatePreviews.

Make sure you have selected the image that contains the previews you want to copy when opening the script. Simply check the previews you want to copy and select the images you want them to copy to. Unfortunately it doesn’t copy the Identifier you used on the previews.


Aggregate previews in one image
When you want to show the comparison of different previews or want to check the effects of different settings side-by-side you can aggregate multiple previews in one new image. Go to Script -> Utilities -> PreviewAggregator.

In the script window you can simply select the previews you want to aggregate in the new image.

I hope you found these tips on working with previews in PixInsight helpful. Please let me know in the comments below if I forget some useful preview tips or if you have any questions.

20 Fake Viral Photoshopped Images That People Believed Were Real

Here are the 20 fake viral photoshopped images that people believed were real. Viral Photoshop images are known to circulate and deceive everyone, because the flawless way the picture is manipulated tricks people into thinking whatever’s in the photo is real. Here in this post you can find few fake images.

Scroll down and enjoy yourself. All photos are linked and lead to the sources from which they were taken. Please feel free to explore further works of these photographers on their collections or their personal sites.

#1 Woman Squatting Like A Frog

One of the most recent viral sensations was a woman weirdly squatting on a tiny shelf. Turns out she only lifted one leg, which, to be honest, is still kinda weird.

Image Source: Imgur

#2 Astronaut Smoking Marijuana In Space

It’s safe to say that Chris Hadfield is one of the most beloved Astronauts there is. His incredible vlogs from space answered so many questions about life in zero gravity, from cleaning your teeth to sleeping, everything is different in space. Although this form of vlogging is very one-of-a-kind, you shouldn’t think that this incredible guy would use any type of drugs while literally flying in space. In the real photo, Chris was actually just trying to surprise his co-workers with some Easter eggs!

Image Source: Imgur

#3 A Guy Creating An Amazing Fried Rice Wave

One of the recent viral sensations was the ‘fried rice meme’ that showed a man making an incredible rice wave in his pan. This interesting photo quickly received a lot of attention online and people from all around the world started to send in their own photoshopped images of the rice wave. Unfortunately, the original itself is already a fake photo since the rice wave is a sculpture that is sold in a fake food shop in Tokyo.

Image Source: Imgur

#4 Dangerous Pilot Selfie

This iconic selfie of a pilot photographing himself in the air was actually a photo of him when he was safely landed, but it’s important to mention, that even on the land, it’s a pretty cool selfie!

Image Source: Imgur

#5 Bear Chasing A Cycler

Even though a photo of a bear chasing a cyclist will have a far bigger effect on you than a photo of a bear running through an empty street, luckily, nobody was harmed in the making of this photo. Although there’s not much information about the original photo, it is believed the photo was taken Yellowstone National Park.

Image Source: Imgur

#6 Giant Skeleton Found

The internet is filled with photoshopped images of archaeologists finding huge skeletons that might belong to giants. If this was the reality, a new chapter in history would be open and we could consider some myths to be true. Unfortunately, no science or history museum has ever accepted these findings for one simple reason: the photos that show these skeletons are completely fake.

Image Source: Imgur

#7 Picture Of A Dwarf Giraffe

A photo of a giraffe with dwarfism has been used online multiple times, although giraffes, like other animals, can have dwarfism, this photo is actually fake.

Image Source: Imgur

#8 First Dab In The History

Although all of us would hope that the first dab was captured back in the 20th century, meaning this iconic movement will never age, unfortunately, this photo is actually a behind-the-scenes photo from the movie Dunkirk, shot in 2017.

Image Source: Imgur

#9 10yearschallenge Against Deforestation

Recently the hashtag #10yearchallenge went viral with people from all around the world sharing their changes throughout the years. Some people decided to use the hashtag to warn people about the terrible impact we are having on this earth. One of the biggest environmental problems in 21st century is deforestation, and that’s exactly what people tried to warn us about. Unfortunately, the image that was used to spread the message was fake – the before and after photos of a rainforest cut down completely was actually the same photo.

Image Source: Imgur

#10 A Photo Of Marilyn Monroe And Elizabeth Taylor

Oh how cool would it be to have two beauty icons chilling in one photo. Unfortunately, Elizabeth Taylor was photoshopped into a picture of Marilyn Monroe. In fact, this is not the first time Marilyn Monroe’s photos were photoshopped to seem that she is spending time with iconic celebrities such as Elvis Presley, James Dean, and even John F. Kennedy.

Image Source: Imgur

#11 The Mustache Wasn’t Enough, They Had To Add Those Angry Eyebrows

The internet just loves animals, especially if they look weird or cute, or both at the same time. So there is no surprise that a photo of a cat with adorable mustache and eyebrows would go viral. Well, there is a silver lining to this story, the cat does in fact have that incredible mustache, but the eyebrows are a result of clever photo manipulation.

Image Source: Imgur

#12 Frozen Venice

Venice is definitely one of the most beautiful places to visit around the world so there is no need to photoshop a photo of frozen Lake Baikal in Russia to make the place look even more stunning.

Image Source: Imgur

#13 Magical Castle

This magical castle that probably most of us would love to visit or even stay in is unfortunately a combination of a photo of a rock in Thailand and a castle in Germany.

Image Source: Imgur

#14 Cow Chilling On A Car

The internet is full of photoshopped pictures that just don’t make any sense and somehow we still manage to believe them. One of those fake viral photos was a picture of a cow chilling on a BMW. Well turns out, no car was damaged in the making of this photo since the cow was chilling on the grass like it was supposed to.

Image Source: Imgur

#15 Not-So-Planned College Name Sign

Some time ago this famous image was an absolute representation of internet humor, the ironic mistake was something that people constantly shared online. Unfortunately, the photo was photoshopped so well, it wasn’t so easy to understand it was actually fake.

Image Source: Imgur

#16 An Island That Looks Like A Star

Photos like this will definitely in spark you a great desire to travel. Imagine yourself sipping on a delicious cocktail while chilling on an island in the middle of the ocean that is a shape of a star. Well, unfortunately, such an island doesn’t exist, but what you can do is visit the moon-shaped island Molokini, located between the islands of Maui and Kahoolawein Hawaii.

Image Source: Imgur

#17 Bear Chasing National Geographic Photographers

A photo showing a bear chasing a group of National Geographic photographers would send shivers down anyone’s spine. Just imagining being in such a dangerous situation is terrifying. But since we have already proved there’s no point in believing everything you see online, you can stop feeling bad about these photographer,s since the bear in the photo is actually captured in a stock photo that can be easily found online.

Image Source: Imgur

#18 Einstein Riding A Bicycle As A-Bomb Explodes

This photo of an explosion was actually taken 7 years after Einstein’s death, so even if cool guys don’t look at explosions, this was definitely not the case.

Image Source: Imgur

#19 Unique Black Lion

If we could make a list of the internet’s most beloved topics, weird animals would definitely have their place in the top 10. It seems that finding weird and unique species is something everyone thrives in, and although it is a cool thing to come across a unique animal, there is no need to create one with photoshop, or if you’re doing so, please do not try to trick people into thinking it actually exists.

Image Source: Imgur

#20 A Kid Sleeping Near His Deceased Parents’ Graves In Syria

A photo of a kid sleeping near his deceased parents’ grave in Syria turned out to a piece of staged photography since the kid knew the photographer and the graves did not belong to his parents. Although this type of photojournalism is still completely heartbreaking it proves once again you can’t trust everything you see online.

Image Source: Imgur

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Art In Nature : Home means Nevada!

At the beginning of this year I started my new position as assistant professor in Mechanical Engineering at the University of Nevada, Reno. The last few months have been quite busy with starting up my lab, getting settled into our home, making new friends, etc. So, adventures have been a little infrequent. That said, Aubrey and I are really enjoying our new home and jumping off point. We’ve already had more great backcountry ski days than most other years, and it’s only February!

Last weekend some friends from Seattle came for a visit, hoping to escape snowmageddon. Of course, Reno welcomed them with larger than normal snow and unusually cold weather. We headed south to find a pocket of good (but cold) weather, enjoy some desert hot springs, and explore Nevada’s geology.

PS – the post title is a reference to our state song.

Sunrise over the fish lake hot springs with a view of the snowy white mountains.

Colorful mounds of volanic tuff are scattered across the mountain ranges of Nevada.

Our camp for the night. It was cozy and wind free in our red “hot hut”.

Modern desert truck art.

Tags: desert, hot springs, nevada

¿Qué es un eclipse lunar?

Esquema de un eclipse lunar. Fuente Wikipedia.

El eclipse lunar es un fenómeno astronómico que se produce cuando la Tierra se sitúa entre el Sol y la Luna, proyectando su sombra sobre ésta y oscureciéndola.

El eclipse de Luna es uno de los eventos astronómicos más hermosos y se puede observar a simple vista sin necesidad de telescopios. Durante el eclipse podemos apreciar como la sombra de la Tierra avanza sobre la superficie lunar, primero reduciendo el brillo de esta a medida que se sumerge en la zona de penumbra y luego adquiriendo una tonalidad rojiza cuando se adentra en la sombra.

La Luna gira alrededor de la Tierra en un ciclo de 27,5 días que denominamos periodo sidéreo pero durante este tiempo la Tierra se ha movido también alrededor del Sol por lo que para que volvamos a ver a la Luna en la misma fase tienen que pasar los 29,5 días del periodo sinódico.

Los eclipses de Luna se pueden ver desde cualquier parte de nuestro planeta si es de noche y suelen tener una duración de varias horas.

¿Por qué no se produce un eclipse Lunar cada Luna llena?

La Luna gira alrededor de la Tierra en una órbita con una inclinación de unos 5º con respecto al plano orbital de la Tierra alrededor del Sol, por este motivo la Luna no siempre pasa por detrás del cono de sombra de la Tierra, a veces pasa un poco por arriba y otras por debajo de ésta. Para que se produzca el eclipse lunar nuestro satélite debe encontrarse en el nodo o punto de intersección entre su órbita y el plano orbital terrestre.

Solo se producen entre dos y cinco eclipses lunares al año de los cuales los eclipses totales se producen dos veces cada 3 años. También es interesante saber que cuando se produce un eclipse de Sol, 15 días después se puede observar también un eclipse de Luna.

Las estrellas se vuelven visibles durante el eclipse de Luna.

¿Qué tipos de eclipse de Luna hay?

Dependiendo de la cómo la sombra de la Tierra se proyecta sobre la Luna podemos hablar de 3 tipos diferentes de eclipse:

Eclipse total de Luna

Un eclipse total lunar se produce cuando la sombra de la Tierra oculta toda la superficie de la Luna. Es el eclipse lunar más vistoso en el que la Luna se oscurece totalmente adquiriendo tonalidades rojizas, marrones o incluso más oscuras.

Eclipse parcial

Hablamos de eclipse parcial de Luna cuando solo una parte de de la Luna se ve ocultada por la sombra de la Tierra. Hay que tener en cuenta que durante los eclipses totales también se produce una fase de parcialidad antes y después del eclipse total.

Eclipse penumbral

El eclipse penumbral es tan solo un leve oscurecimiento de la Luna debido a que la sombra de la Tierra no oculta a nuestro satélite y esta solo atraviesa la zona de penumbra que rodea a la sombra. Dentro de los eclipses penumbrales podemos encontrar la circunstancia de que toda la superficie de la Luna quede bajo la penumbra o que solo una parte de nuestro satélite se vea afectado en una parte. Estos últimos son los eclipses más difíciles de apreciar ya que la luna solo ve reducida una parte muy poco significativa de su brillo.

Fase de parcialidad de un eclipse lunar en 2019.

Se suele utilizar la escala de Danjon para medir la oscuridad de los eclipses lunares. Esta escala fue propuesta por André-Louis Danjon en 1921 y va desde el valor L=0 para indicar mayor oscuridad a L=4 para menor oscuridad.

  • L=0: Eclipse muy oscuro, la Luna es casi invisible en la semitotalidad.
  • L=1: La Luna adquiere tonalidad gris oscura o pardusca, hay pocos detalles visibles.
  • L=2: Eclipse rojizo o rojo pardusco con área central más oscura, regiones externas muy brillantes.
  • L=3: La Luna adquiere una tonalidad roja brillante, habitualmente con un borde amarillento.
  • L=4: Eclipse anaranjado o cobrizo, muy brillante, a veces con un margen azulado.

Estas diferencias de tonalidad pueden ser producidas por el grado de inmersión de la Luna en el cono de sombra pero también por la presencia de partículas en la atmósfera de nuestro planeta. Por ejemplo, las erupciones volcánicas o grandes incendios forestales pueden producir eclipses más oscuros.

¿Qué podemos ver durante un eclipse de Luna?

Hay algunos fenómenos ópticos muy interesantes que podemos observar durante un eclipse lunar. En primer lugar el paulatino oscurecimiento de nuestro satélite pero también los diversos cambios de tonalidad a media que la Luna se adentra en la sombra de la Tierra.

En ocasiones es posible ver un borde azulado junto a la umbra. Esa tonalidad azul es producida por la capa de ozono de nuestra atmósfera que absorbe la luz roja.

También podemos apreciar que la Luna adquiere cierta profundidad o sensación de 3D a medida que avanza el eclipse. Durante la fase de Luna llena ésta se muestra plana ya que no hay sombras sobre su superficie. Durante el eclipse la Luna si que muestra perspectiva de profundidad debido a las diferencias sutiles de iluminación. Su observación con prismáticos es una experiencia única que no te dejará indiferente.

También es posible observar el impacto de meteoros en la superficie de la Luna durante los eclipses. Estos se muestran como pequeños destellos luminosos en la superficie. No es habitual pero nosotros lo vimos personalmente en una ocasión y son varios los registros fotográficos de estos eventos.

Otro fenómeno muy llamativo es la paulatina aparición de estrellas en el cielo a medida que la Luna va perdiendo su brillo. Es fácil observar incluso ocultaciones de estrellas por nuestro satélite durante la fase de totalidad.

¿Cuánto dura un eclipse lunar?

Los eclipses lunares duran varias horas y las diferentes fases se determinan por sus sucesivos contactos con la sombra o penumbra. Un eclipse total puede durar hasta 6 horas. Las fases de un eclipse total son las siguientes:

  • P1 (Primer contacto): Inicio del eclipse penumbral. La Luna alcanza el límite exterior de la penumbra.
  • U1 (Segundo contacto): Inicio del eclipse parcial. La Luna alcanza el límite exterior de la umbra.
  • U2 (Tercer contacto): Inicio del eclipse total. La Luna se adentra completamente en la umbra.
  • Máximo del eclipse: Fase central del eclipse y de mayor ocultación de la Luna. La Luna está en su punto más próximo al centro de la umbra.
  • U3 (Cuarto contacto): Fin de la fase de totalidad. El punto más externo de la Luna sale de la umbra.
  • U4 (Quinto contacto): Fin de la parcialidad. La Luna sale de la umbra terrestre.
  • P2 o P4 (Sexto contacto): Fin del eclipse penumbral. La Luna sale completamente de la penumbra terrestre.

En un eclipse parcial no se producen las fases U2 y U3 y en un eclipse penumbral no hay fases U1, U2, U3 ni U4.

La duración de las diferentes fases es muy variable y depende de la distancia de la Tierra a la Luna que no es constante debido a la excentricidad de la órbita. El eclipse será más largo cuanto más cerca del apogeo se encuentre la Luna.

Final de la fase de parcialidad del eclipse de 2022

¿Cuando se podrán ver los próximos eclipses totales de Luna?

Aquí puedes consultar algunos eclipses totales pasados que hemos vivido personalmente y las fechas de los próximos eclipses de Luna:

Eclipse total de Luna del 28 de septiembre de 2015 y crónica de observación desde Cubas.

31 de enero de 2018: Visible solo en Australia y Asia.

Eclipse total lunar del 27 de julio de 2018 y crónica de observación desde Corral de Almaguer.

Eclipse total de Luna del 21 de enero de 2019 y crónica de observación desde Madrid.

26 de mayo de 2021: Visible en América, Australia y Asia.

Eclipse total de Luna del 16 de mayo de 2022 y crónica de observación desde Carranque.

8 de noviembre de 2022: Visible en América del norte, Australia y Asia.

14 de marzo de 2025: Visible en América, Australia y Asia.

7 de septiembre de 2025: Visible en Asia, África y Europa.

3 de marzo de 2026: Visible en Nueva Zelanda, Australia y Asia.

31 de diciembre de 2028: Visible en Europa, África, Asia, Australia y Pacífico.

26 de enero de 2029: Visible en América, Europa, África y Asia.

20 de diciembre de 2029: Visible en América, Europa, África y Asia.

A comprehensive guide to photography business in recession:

Photography is one of our crucial parts of life, whether it is wedding photography, corporate photography, event photography, community event photography and a few others. There are numerous types of photography have been used for various purposes for years. As of now, after the pandemic that really affected the globe. People’s income was disturbed, and they fell into a financial crisis. Every individual suffered from that. Likewise, the Photography industry also heavily suffered, since every type of event was abandoned and due to that abundance photography business hasn’t been sustained yet. This was the first reason why the photography business is in recession. Another reason is that mobile cameras have lessened the usage of photography as was used to be in its early times, but times have changed. People like to photograph with their mobile and their camera output is outstanding. In this article, you will get to know how you can sustain a photography business in a recession which will really help you throughout the period. Let’s get started.

What is a photography business?

Photography has its own numerous types but in layman’s terms, it is described as “hiring a person for an event equipped with a camera and other essential equipment to capture pictures and videos of the event. You can pay the photographer per hour or event basis. It’s up to you and the photographer.

Is photography over during the recession?

Everybody knows that this is a time of anxiety and fear regarding the industry’s economic downfall, but it’s just temporary. Photography is one of the important industries and it can’t be shut down anyhow. So you should not be worried about this temporary economic effect. Although the scale of photography has lessened little a bit. But this is confirmed that AI and mobiles cannot entirely supersede commercial photography. There are some precautions that you need to take in this declining period which will help you to retain while this time and Hiring A Photographer In A Recession. Once the industry will rise again, then all the people who are employed by individuals or brands will see the difference.

Strategies to adopt in the recession of the photography business:

These measures or strategies should be taken seriously when you are going through hard times which will enable you little a bit to sustain for a while.

Reshape the payment plan:

In this world, money is the prime concern for all people. Whether it’s buyer or seller. All want money more and more. As this is a recession period, we will look into this, that how can we sustain the adjustment of our payment schedule. In this period, one of the top priorities should be, to facilitate the client by every means. People usually charge 75% advance and the rest of the money on the main day which doesn’t work out in all situations. The ideal payment should be that you charge 50% advance, 25% on the main day and the rest of the payment at the end of the event. This will help you to sign the deal whenever you get a client.

You should analyse your pricing. This didn’t mean that you offer services at an extremely low price, rather than offering services at a low price. You offer some new photography packages and suggest them ideas according to their event. This will playa pivotal role in signing the deal.

Be optimistic and work on your period:

Whether you are employed or unemployed, but this is a time to rise again, but how will you rise? You need to work on your portfolio. We know that you are a professional photographer, but there is always room for improvement. You have free time or if you don’t have, try to spare time and learn new photography tricks and when you complete the process of learningthe remaining things. Go online,there are thousands of portfolio websites, make your portfolio and publish your art on social media platforms. You need to be consistent in this process and surely you will get a job. There is a community sitting online, they see whatever you share. This may be a turning point for you.

Follow the people with similar interests:

This is a famous English proverb “Birds of a feather flock together” what does it mean? It means that if you join the company of people who are just like you, they think like you, and they love their work as you love. So, you are basically going to a company where all around you is just discussing photography or whatever you do. This will potentially grow and creates more opportunities. No matter if it is a recession period. When all of you sit together, talk together. You will have vast exposure towards the technicalities and opportunities. Go online and start following the groups of your interest and additionally start going to photography exhibitions and try to exhibit yourself much more professionally. Do all of this and see the difference.

Manage your revenue:

It doesn’t matter how much you earn, but it matters how you spend that money. Track your revenue record and begin to manage it. When you will get to know where you are spending money the most. Is it worth spending or not? Your complications will start to disappear.

What is the future of the photography industry?

The future of photography will be improved as compared to its today’s financial position. But it will take time to reach at that position. No worries things change as time passes. In the future, only those photographers will be successful who will fulfil the advance and improved technological requirements. The rest of the photography techniques will be considered crap.

Will photographers be replaced?

It might be safe to say that all the photographers will not be losing their jobs. But there will be a huge ratio of photographers who might be jobless because of not transforming their techniques and equipment at the right time.

If you don’t want to be one of them, then start learning new things which will pay you off in the longer run.

Marsel van Oosten: why scale is important

June 29, 2022

In his latest column for AP, top nature photographer Marsel van Oosten explains the importance of scale in pictures

When I was in art school, back in the late ’80s, I came into contact with the work of Caspar David Friedrich. He was a 19th-century German Romantic landscape painter who was known for placing contemplative figures silhouetted against night skies, morning mists, barren trees or gothic ruins. His primary interest was the contemplation of nature.

This approach made such an impression on me that I started to introduce human elements into my landscape photography. At the time, very few landscape photographers did this, but it turns out that I was ahead of my time – scroll through Instagram and you’ll see that this has become the norm. Including a human or a wildlife element gives scale to the landscape.

The Grand Tsingys of Bemaraha National Park, Madagascar. Nikon Z 7, AF-S 14-24mm f/2.8, 1sec at f/11, ISO 100, FTZ mount adapter

Photographers often forget that viewers may not always know the location they have photographed, and may be unfamiliar with the scale of the rocks, trees or mountains.

I first became aware of this when I visited Arches National Park in Utah, USA. I love rock arches, so the park had been on my list for a long time and I had done extensive research. Near the top of my list was Turret Arch framed by North Window. I had seen a couple of photographs of this scene and decided I was going to try it differently and shoot it in winter, with snow.

In winter the park is more quiet and the light is much better. When I finally stood in front of North Window, I was blown away – what I thought was a small opening in a rock wall turned out to be massive. The reason for my misconception was that none of the images I had seen included a reference for scale. Seeing how big the window actually was in real life, I knew I had to include a human element to give a sense of scale.

Marsel van Oosten at work in the Tsingys of Madagascar

Doing this instantly made the image much more impressive, and more original. Not only that, it made it easier for the viewer to connect to the image, and it added a sense of adventure – all improvements on what I had seen before.

A few years ago, I was contacted by Nikon to take some prototypes of the Z 7 to a destination of my choice in order to discover and show how sharp their new mirrorless camera system was. I decided to test the camera in the sharpest landscape I knew… the Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park in Madagascar. Tsingy is Malagasy for ‘where one cannot walk barefoot’ – that’s how sharp these unique forests of razor-sharp limestone pinnacles are.

Turret Arch framed by North Window, Arches National Park, Utah, USA. Nikon D3S, AF-S 24-70mm f/2.8, 1/320sec at f/11, ISO 200

I was aware that most people would not fully appreciate the size of this rugged landscape, so I decided to add a reference for scale: a climber. Not only did this result
in original images of this location but, without it, it would have been impossible to appreciate the grandeur of the landscape, and the image would have lacked the sense of adventure it has. During one of the CES trade shows in Las Vegas, Nikon used a 30ft wide enlargement of this image. Although I didn’t get to see it in person, Nikon sent me pictures that gave me a sense of how large they’d reproduced it.

As told to Steve Fairclough

Marsel van Oosten

Marsel van Oosten was born in The Netherlands and worked as an art director for 15 years. He switched careers to become a photographer and has since won Wildlife Photographer of the Year and Travel Photographer of the Year. He’s a regular contributor to National Geographic and runs nature photography tours around the world. Visit

Further reading

Marsel van Oosten: how to pre-visualise a photograph

Marsel van Oosten: making the most of bad weather

Marsel van Oosten: why planning is important in photography

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